Umar b. `Ata’ b. Abu Khuwar said that Nafi` b. Jubair sent him to al-Sa’ib, the son of Namir’s sister to ask him about what he had seen in the prayer of Mu`awiya. He said:
Yes, I observed the Jumu`a prayer along with him in Maqsura and when the Imam pronounced salutation, I stood up at my place and observed [Sunan rak`ahs]. As he entered [the apartment], he sent for me and said: Do not repeat what you have done. Whenever you have observed the Jumu`a prayer, do not observe (Sunan prayer) till you have talked or gone out for the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) had ordered us to do this and not to combine two [types of] prayers without talking or going out.
Reported by Muslim
1. Is it only regarding Jumu’a Salah or is it generally for every Salah?
2. Does going out refers to changing one’s place, like not to Pray at the same spot where one Prayed Jumu’a?
Ash-Shaykh Bin Baaz rahimahullah was asked the following question:
Q: I am asking about the explanation of the following Hadith: It is reported on the authority of Al-Sa’ib ibn Yazid that Mu`awiyah said, “When you offer Friday Prayer do not offer another Prayer after it unless you speak or go out, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered us not to offer a Prayer after another unless one speaks or goes out.”
A: This Hadith is related by Muslim in his Sahih, and it indicates that when a Muslim offers Friday Prayer or any one of the obligatory Prayers, it is not permissible to offer another Prayer after it unless a person speaks or leaves the Masjid (mosque). He may recite the prescribed supplications such as, “astaghfir Allah (I seek Allah’s forgiveness) three times, Allahumma Anta Al-Salam Wa Minka As-Salam, Tabarakta Ya Dhal-Jalal Wal-Ikram. (Oh Allah, You are the source of peace and from You is all peace. Blessed are You, the Possessor of Glory and Honor)” after Taslim (salutation ending prayer) as well as other recommended supplications. Reciting supplications or going out of the Masjid serves to affirm the conclusion of the Prayer to avoid the thought that the second Prayer is part of the first Prayer.
It is important to distinguish the Prayer already offered from the Prayer about to be offered. Therefore, when one pronounces the Taslim of Friday Prayer, he should not offer supererogatory Prayer immediately after it without doing what we mentioned above, lest he or others should think that the supererogatory Prayer is connected with it, or necessarily required.
This applies to other obligatory Prayers such as Zhuhr (Noon), `Asr (Afternoon), Maghrib (Sunset), `Isha’ (Night), and Fajr (Dawn) Prayers. It is necessary to separate Prayers by speaking such as reciting supplications or any other words or going out of the Masjid in order to remove the thought that the next Prayer is connected with the preceding one.
A Side Note: The going out part in the hadeeth is referring to changing one’s place by not praying at the same spot by either moving forward or backwards or even by moving to his right or to his left due to the Hadeeth:
From Abu Hurairah that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:
“Is anyone of you incapable, when he prays, of stepping forwards or backwards, or to his right or left?” meaning in order to offer a voluntary prayer.
Reported by Abu Dawud and others.
AbdulFattaah bin Uthman