بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله رب العالمين وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له وأشهد أن محمدا عبده ورسوله صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم
All praises is due to Allaah, I bear witness that there is no one worth of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is his slave and Messenger, May Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon him.
Indeed the biggest pillar of Islaam after the two testimonies is the Salaah, the prayer. Allaah has made the five compulsory upon his slaves to remember him as Allaah ‘azza wajal says:
“..And perform the Salaah for my remembrance”
Surah: Taa haa verse: 13
Indeed the Messenger of Allaah has taught the Ummah how to perform the Salaah, as he said:
صلوا كما رأيتموني أصلي“Pray as you have seen me pray”
The details of these description are present and discussed in the books like Sifatus Salaatin Nabi by Imaam Al-Albaani’ and it’s Asl.
From the descriptions the scholars have differed in, is the position of the two hands of the prayer after the Rukoo’.
There are two famous opinions regarding the position of the Hand after the Rukoo’
1: Placing the right hand on the left hand on the chest, Which is known as Damm position.
2: Letting the hands go, which is known as the Irsaal postion.
The closest opinion to the Sunnah is the first opinion as I have heard from our Mashaayikh like Ash-Shaykh Al-‘Allaamah Yahya Al-Hajoori, Ash-Shaykh Fath Al-Qadasi and others.
This is due to the following proofs and reasons:
1: The Original position of someone who is standing in the Salaah is the Damm position.
2: There is no where in the Ahaadeeth of the description of the Salaah that mentions that The Messenger of Allaah did Irsaal (let the hands go).
3: The Damm (holding the hands) is a position that is closer to having Khushoo'(tranquility) in the Salaah.
4: The Messenger of Allaah used to stand up for a long time in this Rukn (pillar) of the Salaah as in the hadeeth of Anas that He prayed like how the Messenger of Allaah, Thaabit Al-Bunaani – one of his top students – said
Saheeh Al-Bukhari (821), Saheeh Muslim (164)
Since that is the case, it is nearly impossible that the Sahaabah saw the Messenger of Allaah let his hands down and not report it.
5: Hadeeth of Al-Waa’il bin Hujr.
“I saw the Messenger of Allaah , whenever he was standing in the Salaah, He placed his right hand on his left.”Narrated by Imaam An-Nasaa’ii in his Sunan: No:887, Imaam Al-Albaani declared the Hadeeth to be: Saheeh.
We benefit from this Hadeeth:
1: That the Asl(orgin) of Hands in the Salaah is Ad-Damm (placing the right hand on top of the left hand).
2:The statement of the Sahabi: Al-Waa’il “إذا” is known as a Shart(condition).
It is known in the field of Usool-ul-Fiqh that these conditions shows the generality of the situation.
So the statment of the Sahaabi:
إذا كان قائما
“whenever he was in the standing position”
We benefit from it that this generality includes the standing position before the Rukoo’ and after the Rukoo’ because both of the situations the prayer is in the standing position.
6: Hadeeth of Al-Waa’il
رأيت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم حين كبر رفع يديه حذاء أذنيه ثم حين ركع ثم حين قال سمع الله لمن حمده رفع يديه ورأيته ممسكا يمينه على شماله في الصلاة“I saw the Messenger of Allaah raise his hands in proportion to his ears when he did the Takbeer then when he did the Rukoo’ then when he said : “Sami’a Allaahu liman Hamdah” and I have seen him holding his right hand on left hand in the Salaah”
Narrated by Imaam Ahmad in Al-Musnad: 18871
We benefit from how this Sahabi mentioned the Damm position after the Rukoo’ that He used to do the Damm after the rukoo’.These are some of the proofs and evidences that support this opinion.
There is a small book written by The great Imaam Badee’-Ud-Deen Shaah Ar-Raashidi As-Sindii (rahimahullaah) in which he discusses and clarifies that the Damm position is the Sunnah, please refer to it.
The name of this book is “Ziyaadatul-Khushoo’ bi-Wadi’-il-Yadayn fil-Qiyaam ba’dar-Rukoo”
وصلى الله وسلم على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين
والحمد لله رب العالمين
Abul Hasan Ali bin Muhammad As Sumaali
5-Dhul Qi’dah, 1436