Shaykh Zayd Bin Muhammad Al-Madkhalee was asked:
The questioner says: In one of the lands of Islam, the Jumu’ah prayer is prayed in three different times between Dhuhr and ‘Asr. That is because the day of Jumu’ah is not a day off, so it became a tradition for the workers to pray Jumu’ah after work. So what is the ruling on that? And what is the ruling on the one who prays at the last time with the argument that all of it is Jumu’ah prayer? May Allah reward you.
“The Jumu’ah prayer is one prayer. It’s time is like the time of Dhuhr. It begins at the time of Dhuhr and it ends when Dhuhr [ends]. If the time for Dhuhr ends, there is no Jumu’ah. Jumu’ah has its conditions: it has two khutbahs, with two rak’ahs, which are prayed out loud. If its conditions and pillars were met, then Jumu’ah is prayed. Otherwise, it is not and he prays Dhuhr”.
Faisal Ibn Abdul Qaadir Ibn Hassan