Do Naqshbandis have beliefs and actions of kufr or do they remain within the fold of Islam?
The Naqshabandiyyah Order
Question: I am seeking knowledge and Iman (Faith) that may please Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him). Which Islamic books would you advise me to read to strengthen me, especially nowadays when there are many books that contain doubtful matters and falsehoods about the Din (religion)?
Secondly: What is the ruling, in your understanding, on the Sufi Tariqahs (orders) in general, and the Naqshabandiyyah order in particular?
Answer: Firstly: You should devote your attention to the Qur’an, reciting it regularly and contemplating its meanings, as the Qur’an is the root of all that is good. You should then attend to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him). We recommend the following books on Tawhid (monotheism): “Sharh Al-`Aqidah Al-Tahawiyyah”, “Tat-hir Al-I`tiqad” byAl-San`any, “Al-Tawhid” by Ibn Khuzaymah,”Mukhtasar Al-Sawa`iq Al-Mursalah” by Al-Mawsily. “Kashf Al-Shubuhat” and “Al-Tawhid” byShaykh Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahab, “Al-`Aqidah Al-Wasitiyyah” by Ibn Taymiyyah, along with its commentaries, and also his two books: “Al-Hamawiyyah” and “Al-Tadmuriyyah.” In the area of Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) you can read: “Al-Muhadhab” by Abu Is-haq Al-Shirazy, “Zad Al-Ma`ad” and “I`lam Al-Muwaqqi`in” by Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah, and “`Umdat Al-Fiqh” byAl-Muwaffaq ibn Qudamah. In the field of Hadith, you can read: “Sahih Al-Bukhari”, “Sahih Muslim”,”Riyad Al-Salihin”, “Muntaqa Al-Akhbar”, and “Bulugh Al-Maram.” In the field of admonitions, you can read: “Al-Da’ wa Al-Dawa'” by Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah, which is known also as “Al-Jawab Al-Kafy liman Sa’ala `an Al-Dawa’ Al-Shafy”, “Al-Adab Al-Shar’iyyah” by Ibn Muflih, and “Al-Wabil Al-Sayyib” by by Ibn Al-Qayyim.
Secondly:There is a lot of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) practiced among the Sufi Tariqahs, such as holding Dhikr (Remembrance of Allah) circles and gatherings in rows, in which they all repeat the Name of Allah together, saying, “Allah, Allah,” one of His Attributes saying, “Hayy (Ever-Living), Hayy,” or “Qayyum (Self-Subsisting), Qayyum,” referring to Him through the pronoun “Huwa (He), Huwa,” or repeating meaningless sounds, such as “Ah, Ah.” They also repeat other formulas of Dhikr in which they beseech help from other than Allah, seek support of the dead, such as Al-Badawy, Al-Shadhily, Al-Jilany, and others. Their books contain a lot of Bid`ah and scattered evil, especially the Naqshabandiyyah order. In their daily Wird (sayings recited with consistency), they repeat the Name of Allah in their hearts, without moving their lips. The Murids (students) evoke their shaykh and his Wird, believing that this will be a means of saving them on the Day of Resurrection. These practices are all abominable acts of Bid`ah; none of these forms of Dhikr were reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in what was sent to him in the Qur’an and the Sunnah. It is, however, authentically narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Anyone who does something that we have not ordered (in worship), it will be rejected.” The Prophet also said, “Anyone who introduces something in this matter of our (the religion) that is not from it, it will be rejected.”May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
MemberMemberDeputy ChairmanChairman`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz
Some Brief Pointers regarding The Belief of The Naqshabandiyyah,
1) They allege the founder to their spiritual practices in the remembrance of Allah is Abu Bakr Sadeeq.
2) They treat their spiritual shaykhs that have passed away as the living from them. Also, they seek aid, support, desire knowledge, guidance, and pledging a spiritual allegiance for them
3) They see that the way to get closer to Allah is by imaging his spiritual shaykh in his mind when doing remembrance for Allah while they have a moment of meditation.
4) Some of them believe that their spiritual shaykh can be from animals, whereas they claim that Allah makes himself manifest to them in different forms and shapes even in animals.
5) Some of them believe that the spirit of the human being and the spirit of Allah have things in common. Some of them believe that Allah is a form of a shadow or shade while at the same time they believe that Prophet, alayhi salaatu was salaam, was created from light.
6) As for what some of the crazy stuff they believe for their leadersm then its too many too mention, whereas some of them narrate that instead of their Shaykh doing tawaaf around the Kabah, rather Kabah made tawaaf around him.
7): Also they have different levels in spiritualness and one person can not move forward to the next level unless the spiritual Shaykh certifies him.
8) Some of them believe that some of their leaders know some of the matters of the unseen.
9) They believe this tradition of Sufism is traces of inheritance of past spiritual leaders.
10) They have several invented principles relating to ones spiritual soul.
11) They are commonly found in India, Syria and Palestine and some of the African countries.
We ask Allah to grant salvation from their misguidance.
AbdulFattaah Bin Uthman
Ash-Shaykh Abdullah bin Humayd rahimahullah once debated with one of their leaders. Ash-Shaykh Abdullah bin Humayd rahimahullah asked him, “you say the Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam is made from țhe light of Allah, so what about the ayah:
إنك ميت و إنهم ميتون
“You shall die (oh Muhammad) and they shall die” [39:20]
Does this mean that the light of Allah died out by the death of The Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam. There then the man was baffled by the question and couldn’t respond.
Alhamdulilah the truth prevailed.
AbdulFattaah Bin Uthman