إِذَا سَمِعَ أَحَدُكُمُ النِّدَاءَ وَالإِنَاءُ عَلَى يَدِهِ فَلاَ يَضَعْهُ حَتَّى يَقْضِىَ حَاجَتَهُ مِنْهُ
“If one of you hears the Adhaan while the cup is in his hand, then let him not put it down until he fulfills his need from it”
This hadith has been reported by Abu Daawud in his Sunan(6/456), Ahmad in his Musnad (2/510), al Haakim in his al Mustadrak, al-Bayhaqee in his sunan and ad-Daaraqutnee in his sunan.
Al-Imaam Abu Haatim Muhammad bin Idress [one of the scholars of hadeeth], may Allaah have mercy upon him, has declared this hadith to be unauthentic and ash-Shaykh Muqbil, may Allaah have mercy upon him, has likewise declared this hadith to be Da’eef in his later opinion on the hadeeth.
[al I’lal I (1/123), al Ahaadeeth al Mu’alah, page 437, print: Daarul Athaar]
Shaykh Yahya al-Hajooree, may Allaah preserve him, said:
“This Hadith has been criticized by Abu Haatim by the narration of his son. As found in his book al I’lal that the correct opinion is that this narration is from the statement of Abu Hurairah not from the statement of the Prophet, alaihi as salaatu was salaam, …so it is not appropriate to make this hadith (which is weak) oppose the proofs from the Quraan and Sunnah that indicate that it is obligatory upon the fasting person to stop eating and drinking when dawn breaks.”
[al Ithaaful Kiraam , page 344, print: al Imaam Ahmad]
A Side Note: The opinion of Shaykh Albany and others who see the hadeeth to be authentic is confined to if the person initially started eating or drinking before the Adhaan of Fajr then the Adhaan were to be made while he is still eating. Therefore, in this case he may resume eating or drinking by fulfilling his need from what he initially began to eat or drink before the Adhaan and it doesn’t mean that the person may begin eating or drinking after Fajr.
[Listen / Download on min 39:40]
Also check the reference here as well.
AbdulFattaah Bin Uthman