If a person misses preforming the Eid prayer with the Imam then he is to pray two rakahs on his own.
Imam Bukhari rahimahu’Allah made a chapter in his Sahih: “Chapter: Whoever missed the Eid prayer should offer two Rak’a prayer.”
Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajr said in Fath al-Bari (2/550) after this heading:
“This heading has two rulings:
- The legality of making up the ‘Eid prayer if the congregation ‘Eid prayer is missed, regardless of whether one is compelled to miss it or it happens out of choice;
- that one makes up two raka’at.”
‘Ata said: “If he misses the ‘Eid prayer he prays two raka’at.”
If a person is unaware that it is Eid and finds out after midday then he performs the Eid prayers the following day based upon the authentic Hadith collected by Imam Abu Dawuud:
On the authority of Abu ‘Umayr ibn Anas, as reported from his paternal uncles among the Ansaar who has said:
The moon of Shawwal was hidden by the clouds so we woke up fasting. Then, at the end of the day, there came riders for which they testified in front of the Prophet [Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] that they saw the crescent the day before. The Prophet [Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] ordered them to break their fast and then celebrate Eid the next day.”
[Musnah Imaam Ahmad]
Shaykh Albani was asked how should the one who missed the Eid prayers make it up.
“That which is correct is that it should be performed the same way it is regularly prayed. This is a general principle taken from some narrations of the Prophet, and that [principle] is [that] the prayers are to be made up the same way as they are performed. The Eid prayer is two rakahs and whoever misses it due to a valid legislated reason, then he prays two rakahs the same way the Imam performs them. As for praying four rakahs, this is an addition and we do not find anything which supports it from the sunnah.
[Silsilatul-huda wan- Noor tape 376]
Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan was asked :
If a person misses a rakah of the Eid or Salatul-Istisqa [The salat (observed) when seeking Rain] is it obligatory upon him to perform the takbeers the same number of times the Imam makes it before reciting the fatiha?
“The one who misses the Eid prayers or the prayers for seeking rain, then it is recommended for him to make it up performing it in its exact manner which includes the additional taakberaats”
[Al-Muntaqaa of Sh Fowzan 2/273]
Ash Shaykh al-Uthaymeen, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said:
“This matter, if a person were to miss the Salaatul Eid [and in this case] what should he do, [then this] is an issue where the scholars have differed in. Some scholars have said he should make it up as it is prayed with the Imaam, [doing it] by increasing the extra six takbeers in the first rak’ah and the five takbeers [i.e. including the extra four takbeers after the first takbeer] in the second [rakah]. Also some of the scholars have said he should make it up by praying two rakah as usual without increasing the extra takbeers and from them are those who have said he prays four rakah similar to Salaatut Thur by resembling it to Al-Salaah Al-Jumu’ah. If a person were to miss it, he prays instead of it four rakah of Duhr. Yet there are those scholars who have said he does not make it up [the prayer when he misses it]. This opinion is the strongest of the opinions [regarding this matter] that if a person were to miss as Salaatul Eid, then he does not make up for it because Al-Salaah Al-Jumu’ah was legislated in the way of congregation with the Imaam. So, if this way is missed, then it is not to be made up for [also due to the lack of evidence that depict otherwise. Allah knows best].”
[Sharhul Bukaaree (30/4), Print: al-Maktabutul Islaamiyah]
AbdulFattaah Bin Uthman