Here is another Ramadan benefit about fasting and fainting. Does the person who faints during the fast continue to fast? This happens to a lot of Muslims, especially during the hot weather.
Shaikh Muqbil ibn Haadi al-Waadi’ee rahimahullah was asked:
Fainting and vomiting in Ramadan during the day?
As for fainting, then it is not considered from the things that break the fast and likewise vomiting. As for the Hadith:
من قاء فلا قضاء عليه ومن استقاء فعليه القضاء
Whoever is overcome and vomits is not to make up for the day, but whoever vomits intentionally must make up the day.
It is weak”.
Imam al-Bayhaqi rahimahullah mentions the following narration in his book Sunan al-Kubra:
كان ابن عمر يصوم تطوُّعاً فيُغْشَى عليه فلا يفطر
Ibn Umar radiallahu anhumma use to fast a voluntary fast and he would faint and not break the fast
Then he writes:
“This proves that fainting during the fast does not invalid it”
[Sunan al-Kubra no. 1914]
As a side benefit: It is recommended for the one who fainted to make ghusl.
قَالَ ” ضَعُوا لِي مَاءً فِي الْمِخْضَبِ ” . فَفَعَلْنَا فَاغْتَسَلَ ثُمَّ ذَهَبَ لِيَنُوءَ فَأُغْمِيَ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ أَفَاقَ فَقَالَ ” أَصَلَّى النَّاسُ ” . قُلْنَا لاَ وَهُمْ يَنْتَظِرُونَكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ . فَقَالَ ” ضَعُوا لِي مَاءً فِي الْمِخْضَبِ ” . فَفَعَلْنَا فَاغْتَسَلَ ثُمَّ ذَهَبَ لِيَنُوءَ فَأُغْمِيَ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ أَفَاقَ فَقَالَ ” أَصَلَّى النَّاسُ
“…He (the Holy Prophet) said: Put some water in the tub for me. We did accordingly and he (the Holy Prophet) took a bath; and when he was about to move with difficulty, he fainted. When he came round, he again said: Have the people said prayer?…”
[Saheeh Muslim no. 418]
Imam Nawawi rahimahullah said:
فإن الغسل مستحب من الإغماء
“For verily ghusl is recommended from fainting”
[Sharh Saheeh Muslim]
Shaikh Ibn ul-Uthaymeen rahimahullah said:
“Bathing after fainting is not obligatory. It is only recommended because it revives the energy of the body and removes what is remaining in the body of nervousness due to the faint. It is not obligatory because that is not established except from the action of the Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam. The People of Knowledge have said that it [an obligation] is not established from the action of the Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam. He did this by way of worship so it is legislated; however, it is not obligatory because it is not accompanied with an order from the Messenger sallahu alayhi wa salam”
[Reference removed since it no longer exists]
And Allah Knows Best
Faisal Ibn Abdul Qaadir Ibn Hassan