Class #4 Ad Durarul Bahiyah
Chapter in regards to relieving oneself
These are some benefits and manners in regards to the one who relieves himself:
1. One should cover his private part until he gets near to the ground
The proof for this is the narration of Ibn Umar that the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم wouldn’t raise his garment until he got near to the ground.
Reported by Abu Dawood and others authenticated by Imam Al Albaani in Silsilah As Saheehah.
Imam Ash Shawkani mentioned also the general evidences which have come in regards to the obligation of covering one’s Awrah which can also be used as evidence
2. Distancing oneself
It is recommended for the one who wants to relieve himself that he distances himself from the eyesight of the people
Due to the following evidences:
From Al Mugheerah Ibn Shuabah رضي الله عنه he said the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said to me:
Take the skin water”, he then went forward till he disappeared from me and relieved himself.
It has been affirmed in Sunan Abu Dawood the first narration in it that the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم when he went to relieve himself, he would go far away.
It has also been affirmed with Abu Ya’ala from the narration of Ibn Umar, he said the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم would go to Al Mughamas to relieve himself
An Nafi’a said: Al Mughamas is around two miles from Mecca
This manner is agreed upon, that distancing oneself to relieve himself is recommended, as An Nawawi mentioned in Sharh Al Muhathab.
It should be known though that in regards to urinating, the matter is easier. It has been affirmed in Saheehayn that the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم urinated standing up and Huthayfah was standing by his heels.
As Sanaani said: Distancing oneself whilst relieving the need is for the one who is defecating and not urinating.
3. Leaving off speech
As for the narration of Jaabir رضي الله عنه
When two people go together to relieve themselves, they should disappear from each other and do not talk, for Allah gets angry at that.
Then the narration is weak.
Ash Shaykh Al Uthaymeen said in Sharhul Mumtia’:
The correct stance is that it isn’t befitting that an individual speaks whilst relieving his need except due to a need, as the scholars of jurisprudence, may Allah have mercy upon them, have mentioned. Examples of this are if he is directing someone, or someone spoke to him and it’s a must he replies, or he needs an individual to fulfill a need for him and he fears that he will leave, or he seeks water. In these cases, there is no problem.
4. Not wearing or taking that which is sacred to the place one relieves himself in
There has come a narration from Anas رضي الله عنه that when the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم wanted to enter the place to relieve himself, he would take off his ring.
The narration is weak.
Imam Ibn Baaz said:
What is better for the male and female whilst entering the washroom is if they have a ring which has on it the remembrance of Allah, that they place it outside the washroom if that is easy [for them]. If they fear it getting lost, then there is no problem to enter it in to the washroom because the narration has a hidden defect in it and some of the people of knowledge have not considered it authentic. If it is easy for him to act upon it, then it is more befitting. But if the person fears that his ring will be stolen or that he may forget it then he enters [the washroom] with it, then there is no problem with that In Shaa Allah.
5. Staying away from the places which are not allowed to relieve oneself in whether that be due to the legislation or custom
Due to the narration of Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه reported by Muslim
Be on your guard against two things which provoke cursing. They [the companions present there] said: Messenger of Allah, what are those things which provoke cursing? He said: Easing on the thoroughfares or under the shades [where they take shelter and rest]
Ash Shawkaani said:
The intent with shade here is [carried] upon what Al Khataabi and other then him said: the shade of the people which they take as a resting area and place in which they sit in. The intent isn’t that it is prohibited to relieve oneself in every place of shade.
To be continued ان شاء الله
Majid Jawed Al-Afghanee