What is the ruling on attending Jumu’ah while being a traveller?
المجلد: الجامع الصغير
رقم الحديث: 0
الحديث: 5422 – الجمعة حق واجب على كل مسلم في جماعة إلا أربعة : عبدا مملوكا أو امرأة أو صبيا أو مريضا( د ك ) عن طارق بن شهاب . قال الشيخ الألباني : ( صحيح ) انظر حديث رقم : 3111 في صحيح الجامع
The hadeeth means: The Friday Prayer is not wãjib upon four types of people; the slave man, the woman, the sick, the young child, and it comes in another narration, “the traveler”
Shaykh Attiyyah Saalim rahimahullah explains the reasons being for each type here.
Some scholars of the hanafiyyah add to the five types “the blind” which is not correct, as has been mentioned by some of the scholars.
And Ibnul AbdilBarr cited a consensus in his book Istithkaar that Jumu’ah is not waajib upon a traveler.
~ Abu Fajr AbdulFattaah bin Uthman
Ibn Qudama said: “The Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam used to travel and he did not pray Jummah on his travel. In his final Hajj at Arafah on Friday, he sallahu alayhi wa salam prayed dhuhr and asr combined and he did not pray Jummah. The Rightly guided Caliphs may Allah be pleased with them used to travel and make Hajj and other than that and not a single one of them prayed Jummah on his travel. Likewise other than them of the Companions may Allah be pleased with them and those after them”
Shaikh Yahya al-Hajoori hafidhuhallah mentioned that the strongest proof that there is no Jummah for the traveler is that the Prophet sallahu alayhi wa salam did not pray Jummah on Friday at Arafah [See: Diyaa as-Saalikeen pg. 88], the same proof Ibn Qudama mentioned.
He also mentioned in Ahkaam al-Jummah that this is the correct opinion according to Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah in Majmoo’ al-Fatawa (24/178)]
Shaikh al-Albani rahimahullah was asked:
Yes, so does this Hadith necessitate that there is no Jummah on a traveller?
Answer: It is like that.
[Silsilatul Huda wan-Nur no. 412]
Faisal Ibn Abdul Qaadir Ibn Hassan